Avoidant and Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID): is categorised by;
- an avoidance of eating that leads to a failure to meet nutritional or energy needs. This avoidance may be due to concerns regarding uncomfortable consequences of eating, displeasure with the tastes and/or textures of foods, or a number of other reasons. The results of this avoidance may be that the individual loses a significant amount of weight, or for children, fails to gain weight as expected, experiences a deficiency in important nutrients, requires food supplements or special feedings, or experiences substantial impairment in his/her life as a result of the avoidance (e.g., is unable/unwilling to socialize with others if food is involved).
- this avoidance must not be explained by:
- a normal culture practice
- a food allergy
- Anorexia Nervosa; a corresponding fear of weight gain and disturbance in body image is not present
- picky-eating or selective eating; in ARFID “pickiness” leads to a failure to gain weight or the necessity of administering nutritional supplements in order to avoid experiencing a nutritional deficiency.
Related psychological conditions include anxiety disorders, autism spectrum disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder. Read about: selective eating here.